[HGH home]   [Timeline introduced [EnterData  + ]          1960 through 1969   
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  1960  1961  1962  1963  1964   1965   1966   1967   1968   1969

Yet to be woven into the preamble for this era from all nations: aeromodelling, art, comprehensive print media, radio, TV, aerodynamicists, kiting, patents, literature, technical literature, school textbooks, gliding and soaring club newsletters, toys for all ages, and a comprehensive hold on the collection of arts already evident at the start of the decade. When these and the below flows or strands are well-known and up for reasoned view, then issues and questions will be more easily answered. Rash meta-claiming occurs, but the rush to judgment can be softened by working robust context and objectivity across borders and perspectives. Everyone is invited to explore something that interests them that will affect this decade's understanding and explication. Illustrations and references are invited. We invite each nation to bring forward their matters. The present treatment is USA heavy; bring forward your nation's patents, activities, related applications, etc.  [Aerojet, FIRST,  Fabrication of Inflatable Re-entry Structures for Test?, re-entry glider, ] ==>EnterData+

John Worth  is core contributor to the A-framed stiffened four-boom Rogallo wing standard mechanics, though not inventor. Later, in a silly and unfair title-wrestling match, another John would untenably claim mechanical invention; and without adequate scrutiny the FAI would rubber-stamp the untenable title; it is hoped that one day the FAI will correct its historical faux pas.

James Hobson in 1962 on TV and in Sport Aviation had an A-framed Rogallo hang glider; this too was prior to Mike Burns; and such was certainly prior to the  JD-GH untenable claims that concerned later 1963 tinkerings.    James Hobson died April 26, 2013. His unfolding story is occurring HERE.  James Hobson and Barry Hill Palmer are the two outstanding 1962 builder-fliers of foot-launch NASA-inspired stiffened Rogallo wing hang gliders for recreation-sport purposes.  Both received national and international attention.

Transitional Era:  1960-1969  (roots of the 70s' boon)
Images galore around the world for post-war space-race hang gliding roots:

seeking national hang glider for space race purposes continues from 1958 spark;
"Dr." Francis Rogallo streaming leadership and patents over Rogallo wing and its applications; arts prep: water-ski kiting; Ryan applications; Parawing project deepens and trifurcates; foot-launch-land and trike Rogallo-wing homebuilt hang glider designer pioneer: Barry Palmer; kite king Domina Jalbert  parafoil ram-air airfoil wing; Paresev 1A-B-C cements wing, flight proofing, and flying for standard Rogallo hang glider wing and proves stability and control from high altitude releases to free-flight; Tom Purcell leads pontooned aqua glider towing of Rogallo wings; David Barish wing and paragliding activity for sport that would end mostly using Jalbert wing;  mimics and tweaks: Burns-SkiPlane and Dickenson-Burns ski kite; Jim Hobson of Lawrence Welk Show director/producer; media spot influences: Steve Allen show; magazine covers, articles, corporate reports, ...;bridge from soaring strand while keeping traditional variety in hang gliders: Richard Miller, Klaus Hill.

Jim Foreman   Bat-Glider  plans. Soaring pilot photographer George Uveges was close working friends to Richard Miller at Dockweiler Beach and took photographs that were used later on the Bat-Glider plans.  Richard Miller encouraged Jim Foreman to make, print, and sell the Bat-Glider plans. Thousands of copies of the Rogallo-wing  with strutted triangle control-bar--all-bamboo framed hang glider--were sold.  An enthusiastic teen Taras Kiceniuk, Jr. pasted over the title block of the Bat-Glider plans and sold some copies. At some point a copy of such copyright intrusion was brought to Foreman's attention. A cease order was extended formally; an agreement was met; and the secondary distribution method stopped. Taras built his own bamboo glider Batso with some friends and made some drawings of his own; and then Taras sold some copies of his Batso plans, some modification in the truss arrangement from the Foreman Bat-Glider.    The strong large-sheet lithographed plans of the Bat-Glider forwarded by Jim Foreman into the world scene--spawned from the Fleep-Palmer-Miller strand of influence--did play a strong role in forming a hang glider movement in the world and in Southern California; that movement grew in many ways. 

Jim Foreman had visited the SSA office when Richard Miller was acting editor of Soaring magazine; Jim was actually searching for plans of primary gliders. Richard indicated that many more plans for a hang glider could be sold in comparison to plans for a primary glider;  Jim relates: "He opened a desk drawer and tossed a small stack of Xeroxed plans for a Rogallo wing along with the proof sheet of Uveges photos."  Richard pulled out from his desk some photostat papers  and a proof sheet images of Uveges photos depicting the flights by Miller and Miller's friends at Dockweiler Beach on a hang glider Miller had made.  Miller instructed Foreman that there would be no opportunity to advertise or even to write about hang gliders in Soaring magazine; further, the deal was that Miller's name was not to be mentioned in the promotion; Miller had just gotten off the phone with heavies in SSA who pressed that hang gliders were not to be in Soaring magazine. So, Jim Foreman took the papers and proof sheet; and then he formed the Bat-Glider plans, purchased lithographic printing and began selling the plans through other avenues. The date of Jim's arrival at the SSA office is not known yet, but tracing Miller's editorship term would be part of this determination. [This note was sent to HangGliderHistory.com  for its Timeline. Dates are being researched.]  

  • Bamboo Butterfly by and shown flying: Richard Miller, photographed by George Uveges of Santa Monica, CA (now in his eighties and still active)  at Dockweiler in early 1960s. The image from a slide became part of the Bat Glider plans published by Jim Foreman with permission by Richard and George.  A similar craft Batso following this lead was built by Taras Kiceniuk, Jr. and team and flown in Los Angeles, California, and in Livermore, California at self-soar meets.  The bamboo choice and use was rough-and-fast.  What might be done with high-level bamboo engineering?
  • Did Rogallo invent the triangle control frame for hang gliders? 
    No, the triangle control frame or A-frame for hang gliders was invented mechanically for foot launch hang gliders in at least the early year of 1908 in Breslau in a hang glider in an organized gliding-club setting; further use was in many places including the Spratt before the 1950s; and a firm use was in a kite-glider for homebuilders by Igor Bensen...well published in the first half of 1950s; Mike Burns SkiPlane used the A-frame in 1962.  The first decade of 1900s had a first issue of FLIGHT; in that issue was a featuring of the triangle A-frame for aviation.  The Pilcher hang glider had a firm A-frame.

    There was no triangle bar Rogallo at Otto Meet of May 23, 1971. The first triangle bar Rogallo at a So. California meet was Kilbourne's at the Montgomery meet in August of 1971 (ref: Matt Colver).


  • [Wiki note, status, April 11, 2009:

    Author: George Uveges of  Santa Monica, California. Historic photo of designer Richard Miller flying his design "Bamboo Butterfly." A precursor to Richard Miller's construction shown was an article regarding I Flew the Flex Wing published by Popular Mechanics magazine in the November 1961 issue; that article was not by or about Richard Miller. Joefaust (talk) 16:47, 11 April 2009 (UTC)

    The photograph is from a slide authored by George Uveges of Santa Monica, California, who is still active in his eighties (2009 note here). George Uveges gave a slide copy to Richard Miller,then editor of Soaring Magazine of the Soaring Society of America, then headquartered at the Santa Monica Airport just 1 mile distant from Geoge Uveges' home. Richard Miller and George Uveges gave permission to Jim Foreman to use the image on the paper-printed plans of the Bat Glider; thousands of copies of the plans were sold by mailorder. The session photographed was definitely not 1961, but a few years later at Dockweiler Beach dunes where now is a developed hang glider flight training park run by Windsports and managed by Joe Greblo. George Uveges may still be contacted for dating the photograph. Since the craft shown and the photograph were formed after 1961, then whatever Popular Mechanics magazine published in November 1961 could not be the plan by Richard Miller for the shown Bamboo Butterfly. Foreman named his planned craft Bat Glider. Taras Kiceniuk, Jr. followed up on the image and plans with his own built and flown craft which Taras named Batso. Joefaust (talk) 16:35, 11 April 2009 (UTC) ] Richard Miller flying his own Bamboo Butterfly. Photographer: George Uveges of Santa Monikca, California.


 Bridge from water-ski towed kiting to the two sporting Bills occurs: Bill Moyes and Bill Bennett; archetype explorer over stiffened flexible wings and replicas: Tony Prentice; self-soar synergetic bridge from body-flying, kiting, aircraft, and soaring to universal communications: Joe Faust; transitional archetype: Wilbur Dean Batman (manned flat kite, towed homebuilt delta, Moyes purchase, S-SA Otto Member, communicator, trikester)


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Notes:  Link prefix with "g" is a generalized Google search. 
Prefix with a "w" is a leading Wikipedia file on topic.

SOME EARLY ERA IMAGES that yet need to be worked into the mechanical invention priorities:

1898 Control bar and Swing Seat for Hang Glider:

1908 Cable-stayed Triangle Control Bar For Hang Glider:


  The wing used in gliding the hanging 8 pilots of the Paresev glider had already been invented, but its ornamental design along with the Fleep wing did found the modern hang glider Rogallo wing hang glider. The triangle control bar had a very long history prior to 1963.

The Rogallo hang glider had been invented at least by Francis Rogallo in 1948 or before, but may have been invented in the first decade of the 1900s also!

Treat later claimants as trying to have what is not theirs. Even Rogallo did not fully appreciate how much invention had already occurred.

Look at Domina Jalbert's 1944 patent illustrating even advanced flexible-wing know-how. Consider the early Princeton Sailwing.

The graphic will be updated to include the 1908 occurrence of a full cable-stayed
triangle control frame

as we know it today.


Later, George Spratt fully instructed along the same line in 1929 for the triangle control frame.


In 1905, see arm-hang in control frame on a special hang glider.

In 1905 hang glider pilot standing in control frame flying his hang glider. Who will be building and flying a replica of this?  Who is the pilot?  Hanging and feet standing in control frame.  Who will modernize, power-assist, and show this gem in contemporary moments?   Also, a follow-up study image.

  • "I rejected the "A" frame and all the cables" [but actually he did not! Consider just hard-boning the same stay needs], says Barry Palmer about his 1960 hang glider designing that made him first in the class of gliders that would become known as Standard Rogallos (of course a fuzzily-named class of one did not have the name for the class at that time!).  The control frame forward struts that stayed the triangle control frame part permitted some experimentation on centers of lift.  We have a guy knowing clearly about the bag of aviation already-invented tricks of the trade! 
    And YET, even in his aluminum-framed version he kept at his rear the triangle control frame as he used forward stays in a rigid format so he could do test piloting at various centers...he was pioneering; he would climb to different spots on the two forward stays and climb back near the triangle during various parts of the flight.  Image of the 1960-designed part that was flown by Palmer in 1961.  John Spealman, a friend of Mr. Palmer also flew Palmer's first hang glider on the first flights in December of 1961: "who went to UC Berkeley along with me in engineering"
  • See Microlight Flying magazine, February 2011, article on Barry Hill Palmer.  The article mixed up Tony Aspinal name for what should have been Tony Prentice. A confusion in the article in a paragraph: Aussies did not foot launch a hang glider until early 1970s; Moyes ski-launched off a slope in 1969. Barry Palmer foot launched a hang glider in 1961.  The article missed the opportunity to refer to Bensen's use of hung pilot behind triangle control frame in 1954c or to the stark 1908 Breslau hang glider with full hung pilot behind cable-stayed triangle control frame. 
  • See wiki on Barry Hill Palmer. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BarryHill_Palmer
  • Barry Palmer, father of practicing foot-launched Rogallo-wing hang gliding; he used four different control arrangements, including use of a strut-stayed triangle control frame (introduced in hang gliding at least by the cable-stayed triangle control frame in the Breslau gliding club hang glider with pendulumed pilot ...icon of most of today's hang gliders). His video does not show all of his eight or so versions, but the video is classic---a start that inspired a huge river of hang gliding influence that sparked the first great Otto Meet of May 23, 1971.  Barry Hill Palmer still lives and is responding to historical research e-mails. He was inspired by the Fleep airfoil which had followed Francis Rogallo's leadership over the flowering of Rogallo's understanding of the stiffened Rogallo Wing, an invention of total limp airfoil that then could be stiffened with confidence. The influence from the Palmer hang gliding formed a river of influence that reached 23 nations before the other rivers of influence of the flexible wing joined the larger Palmer river.
  • And ALSO, he would fly one of his hang gliders behind the aluminum triangle control bar that he would push on to move his pendulumed hips and legs. Later he used also a seat. 
     He was arriving to the Spratt control wing that would rule hang gliding's popular use of the various kinds of modern hang gliders (monoplanes, replicas of vintage gliders, various NASA derivatives of Rogallo winged kites and gliders.
  • Actually: Palmer had the U and triangle trapeze AT ONCE WITH A COMMON base bar. Palmer made and flew many separate distinct versions of Rogallo winged hang gliders. He then moved right along to get an ultralight going. Meanwhile Richard Miller picked up on Palmer's lead and started to communicate.... while Palmer just went straight ahead with more great designing and flying.   Palmer is yet understudied; when his full story gets well told, a high pedestal will be made by the hang glider movement for this guy.
  • SEE:   http://members.aol.com/hiitec/kite/trike.html  Barry Palmer: "FIRST FLIGHTS IN DECEMBER, OF 1960, this is possibly the predecessor of the earliest example of a modern hang glider. It is one of 7 or 8 or so gliders built by the designer The first, which was built of salvaged aluminum tubing, polyethylene sheeting and drafting tape, had an out-of-pocket expense of $10.89."  "The spars and keel were 22 feet in length, so launches of the 40 lb aircraft could be accomplished easily even in no wind. Flights got up to 600 feet in length and as high as 80 feet. The last of the series flew in the summer of 1962, and had a swinging seat, which expanded the flying capability well beyond the "true hang" armpit supports."
  • VIEW:  Video clip of Barry Palmer and crew: 1960 and 1961 Modern Rogallo-winged Hang Glider
  • Barry Palmer varieties of modern hang gliders, pilot foot-launched. Pendulum seat in one version. Send facts:  palmer@hanggliderhistory.com  gBP    Foot-launched, pilot-hung from frame below Rogalloish wing, significant gliding, variety of under-frames.  What were the activities of those who knew about Palmer's flights and hang glider? See all of John Bentley's comments and his analysis of emails with Palmer in OZreport.           [ ] Data requested. EnterData  
  • Faust flew over 7 feet barrier getting minor lift from body shaping during parabolic flight-jump to make Olympics. Bio  (roots of 45+ years of kite/hang glider publishing).
  • Tony Prentice  began an innovative presence in hang gliding history. See his timeline.
  • 23 January 1960 - 13 April 1998  Patrick de Gayardon  is born; he will change the face of gliding as a winged skydiver.
  • Judy Leden born. Later to become perhaps the first full-time professional female hang glider pilot.  "This is the official website for Judy Leden MBE, 3 times world hang-gliding champion, stunt pilot and world record holder."
  • Cecil E. Craigo,
  • Harry A. James
  • Leo J. Hand  
  • filed on March 17, 1961
Click one of the images
to get full document.
When power is off or malfunctioning to off level,
then the resultant system is a hang glider.   In 1974, Stephen C. Murray would cite this Rogallo-based patent in his hang glider patent, which see

Barry Palmer

==Seven hang gliders==






  • The class of Standard Rogallos (fuzzy term; class one Rogallo) was started by Barry Palmer in 1960 (flown in 1961-62) and had almost no following after 1975 as safer-by-far hang gliders came on the scene.  The class was populated by the Miller-Palmers and the ski-kite of Dickenson and much more improved by the Burns-Dickenson; the 1969 Prentice; then the Moyes and Bennett standards, Kilbo Kite, Eipper I, Seagull I, and homebuilts all around the world who bought plans or were sent plans free where they innovated on their own standards or broke loose to new ground. By 1972 the commercial "carbon copies" (Ken de Russy) populated many flying sites. Then commercial competition brought replacements to the standard class members. The four-boom stiffened Rogallo wing was firmed in the Charles Richards wing of the Paresev program and also in the Fleep program; that wing of the 1960-1962 was given to the world and found followed by Mike Burns for SkiPlane or Ski Plane in Australia in 1963; the same four-boom wing was found in the Burns-Dickenson 1865 and the Dickenson wing 1963 and 1964. Bill Moye and Bill Bennett joined their late developments to the huge Palmer flow of influence to help form the high counts of activity in the 1970s.     EnterData +
  • Article: "EXCLUSIVE: I Flew the Flex-Wing"  title at top edge of November 1961 Popular Mechanics magazine. " I flew the Pterodactyl flex-wing" [Rare non-fiction $79+]
  • Note needs verification: caption of photo needs to be checked: http://www.halfvalue.com/wiki.jsp?topic=Image:Richard_Miller.jpeg  Both the mentioned dates of 1961 and 1966 need exploration.
    EnterData +
  • March 23, 1961:  "319"    Article by O. W. Newmark in THE AEROPLANE and ASTRONAUTICS 
  • Everett; "I Fly the Flexwing"; Interavia; p. 1520; 11/1961.
  • Everett; Pterodactyl Flex-Wing; Popular Mechanics; pp. 85-88; 11/1961.
  • NASA decides to build the Paresev series.      EnterData +
  • Patent number: 3140842undefined
    Filing date: Mar 17, 1961
    Issue date: Jul 1964
    Inventor: Craigo et al.undefined








  • Paraglider Research Vehicle  Paresev 1-A  Send facts: paresev@hanggliderhistory.com  Thousands around the world see the wing. 
     Photos: PH1  GPH2   MPH3   PH4  PH5  PH6  PH7  PH8  PH9  PH10  PH11          
    | Paresev paragraph here in Ch. 11 of a book does not but point to a space that can be greatly enlarged .|

    | Paresev Photo Collection Low Resolution Contact Sheet |  
  • Jan. 1, 1962 Paresev photo.  Notice that the Paresev series included topless  hang glider wing. In 1999 Dan Johnson would write that the La Moulette Topless was first topless (circa 1997--reference and detail needed here). Moyes went topless. Others. But in 1962, topless was already the craze in Charles Richards design team for the Paresev kite-glider wings rolled out in January 1962 forward.)  Topless Paresev... hmmmmm.
  • Powered Rogallo-winged hang glider...Shell _______News, photo on cover  ???  
  • Tom Purcell features his FlightSail on p. 37, April, 1962, of EAA's Sport Aviation
  • See note from L&S 22 regarding FlightSail.
  • See note in L&S 22 regarding Jim Hobson and his 1962 hang glider. [ ] . go after archives. He had a triangle control bar and parallel bar. He worked as director/producer for the Lawrence Welk Show (southeast corner building of Wilshire Blvd and Ocean Ave. in Santa Monica, CA. He came into the Low & Slow office with photographs; he kept them; he had a status thing going, but still had his interest in hang gliding. His archives might be available from his family or relatives or newsletter of the corporation. Santa Monica historical society can determine the 1971 tenant corporation of the building. It is not known if Jim Hobson is still living. There is a publicist contact reachable online for research.  We confirmed the spelling of the last name.
  • [ ] See L&S 22 on letter from 1962 envisioning commander and his one-stiff-down, rack and pinion cable controls; combine this with the Faust one-down-or-up and the 2007-Snellgrove PG one down. Faust has the sketch of the stiff one-down or one-up (depends on perspective! with firm back-plate that allows pitch from use of legs and allows hand-squeeze of wing-tip controls for yaw and roll; he has it that no cables would be used laterally or fore-aft for the pilot-as-fuselage; foot-launch into prone held by the one-up tube; the tube would be pre-arced and have some flexibility to it; the pre-arc allows some give during turbulence; the tube would be streamlined; the tube's arc would be seen from lateral view while front view is very straight; the cables for roll-yaw would go up through the one-up tube.  Pilot would be fully streamlined; hands on controls would be near one's heart and sternum on chest and inside of streamlined encompassing prone harness. Compromise would be two lateral stay streamlined cables from the back plate at the pilot interface going to the upper wing frame in order to reduce mass of the wing---the tradeoff would be calculated (see Miller's article on this matter). Pilots feet are placed in holder that allows thigh muscles to push or pull to move the pilot's mass fore or aft on a rail that is part of the back plate as the one-up tube does not move. Faust's method keeps flying space fully clear for free-space viewing of the air and land; pilot does not see any control bars, sees no stay struts, sees no triangles, sees no parallel bars, sees no stay cables; s(he) lightly pushes with thighs to move pilot-mass forward, lightly pulls with thigh muscles to move pilot-mass aft; pilot squeezes left hand to operate left-tip control, squeezes right hand to operate right tip control. Teflon skid plate on the front of the harness with Kevlar backing would allow for ground or water ski or skid if chosen instead of dropping one's feet. Low-wind landing flare to land on feet: quick mass to aft and then upon getting flare, release feet for touchdown.
  • Faust cleared a bar that was higher than the world's high jump record by jump-flying, body as wing. Form uses a higher aspect ratio than the flop form which would arrive in 1968 or so by Dick Fosbury; the lower body aspect ratio for aerodynamic lift was compensated for some body types by quicker takeoffs.  
  • Who was Bill McLachlan (Marina Tropicana)  and whose office did he wander into to discuss in Australia the NASA Rogallo wings and other Rogallo wing uses that were happening in the United States? What were they discussing? How strongly were they aware of the 1958-1962 NASA and Ryan and Rogallo matters?   It turns out that that office guy was VERY AWARE of things to our topic. These guys were in Australia wondering what to do with the prior technology. They did not have comprehensive knowledge, but very significant amount. Their meeting ....and their evolution comes into play in the Australian Rogallo scene.   Hawkesbury River and Marina Tropicana will be showing Australians  Rogallo wings embedded in Paresev-look-alike wings VERY OFTEN ...soon enough here.     [  ]    DID BILL MOYES EVER SEE A ROGALLO WING in the the newspapers or at the river?????    Did Bill Bennett?    EnterData +          See Paresev flight log.
  • Jan-April. of 1962..(details, please): prototype of Rogallo wing kite-glider-hang-glider built in Bankstown Aerodrome (Australia) after models and half-sized aluminum devices were explored. NASA information fed the scene. The makers were two partners responding to the drive of Bill McLachlan. So, thanks to Bill McLachlan for pushing for the action.  These guys designed and built the foundations of Australian Rogallo presence... SkiPlane that was "capable of free-flight" ...and it had the airframe with the triangle control bar presaged by George Spratt of 1929 and also an earlier glider club that used the cable-stayed triangle control bar; see innovation in OZReport.com forum. [ ] . The WING, certainly a key element did well; had they made even deeper use of NASA data, they could have done better sooner.  Their final version was publicly demonstrated April 1963, just a month before Dickenson was invited by his water-ski club to begin thinking about  making a flat kite for the water-ski shows; Dickenson  by Sept. 8, 1963, came up with a Rogallo kite for a show.   Neither the SkiPlane nor the much later Dickenson tow kites and ski-kites escaped the prior WING  that had been collaboratively invented for over 50 years and made by others. Eventually the SkiPlane makers were receivers of some failed legal action spawned by Dickenson's urging of one of Dickenson's customers; that action was put aside as the Aerostructures people showed the depth of their NASA-based priorities in Australia on key aspects of ski-kites-gliders; the Aerostructures added the Dickenson ski-kite to their manufacturing line-up of products; in doing so, the Dickenson ski-kite was shaped up to aviation standards by the company; and to note: finally the quality approached the Paresev-1B quality of 1962 (Paresev wing had already achieved non-luffing sails, battened sails, scalloped trailing-edge sails, fold-up via rotation of four members of the airframe, mass-shifting of hanging-pilots from single point hang, airframe to push and pull for the mass-shifting cause of attitude control, successful flying and landing in free-flight...all in 1962; thus FAI in 2007 did not do their job as it trampled on the prior inventors of what went into the Palmer and Paresev realms and inventors of same mechanics in the first three decades of 1900s.).      Want to know the inventive roots of the modern Rogallo hang glider? Look to Rogallo, Bikle, Palmer, Richards, Spratt, Espenlaub ...for starters. Look to ALL (over 20+) of Francis M. Rogallo's patents for clues.  See Paresev flight log.             EnterData +  
  • Monoplane hang glider photo on cover of January 1962 Argosy magazine. , Pilot can hang with more weight from one hand than the other off of two upper parallel beams. This is not armpit, but hand-palming only, it appears; however, armpits probably could be used as well as a swing seat; or as Leonardo sketched for one of his hang gliders: use a stand-on platform and swing mass by standing and pushing. Article: "I Fly the Gluepot Gliders." Issue Date: JANUARY, 1962; VOLUME 354, NUMBER 1 Featured in THIS issue: COVER: "I Fly the Gluepot Gliders". Cover photographed for Argosy by Richard Hewett.  Collector's item at eBay now by several sellers. (Ken has a copy also).   Clip from part of the cover shows the hang glider: Several copies of the issue are for sale in eBay.
  • MIKE BURNS...aeronautical engineer (?) studies NASA material and involves to Ski-Plane with triangle control frame for a aqua-kite-glider using ornamental echo of Paresev 1B or Ryan or Fleep or all. This same guy severely advanced the Dickenson effort. Credit for WING must go yet to NASA-Rogallo. Aerostructures Mike Burns factor has yet been under-studied and under-appreciated. Click to enlarge to see the NASA-derived stiffened Rogallo WING.
    Later others followed.

    NASA Paresev
    hang glider.



     Peter F. Girard

     Peter F. Girard
    Patent number
    : 3135483
    Filing date: Aug 20, 1962
    Issue date: Jun 1964
    Inventor: Peter F. Girard
    Assignee: The Ryan p Aeronautical Co





See Paresev flight log.





  • Prentice 
  • A half-sized did-not-fly ski-kite of  May of 1963 was made and towed (quite late in the evolution of what would be part of the class of Standard Rogallos, as two years earlier Barry Palmer seemed to have initiated what would become the class of Standard Rogallos.  Send your notes:   DickensonRogallo@hanggliderhistory.com  Grafton, N.S.W. Australia..  Send facts on other Standard Rogallos to: delta@hanggliderhistory.com  By Sept. 8, a larger kite was kited at a festival---no hang gliding involved.  
  • Regarding September 8, 1963, non-hang-gliding kiting at a festival:   Historical article:    http://grafton.nsw.free.fr/ski_wing/     The Daily Examiner, October 21, 1963. The kite was mentioned as "ski-wing." In Australia in 1969: "kite"  was still applied by John Dickenson for public media when he spoke of his kite.  He did not foot-launch his kite until 1968 when he crashed in a parking lot.  He left hang gliding. Bill Bennett ornamental design patent was later approved in U.S. for him, NOT A MECHANICAL PROCESS INNOVATION PATENT, BUT AN ORNAMENTAL DESIGN PATENT. All of the mechanical aspects of the Dickenson and first Bennett and first Moyes kites were priorly invented before 1963; only specific product appearance was patented by Bennett; his kite's ornamental appearance for the patent was very close to the ornamental appearance of the Dickenson-Burns product appearance.  All the issues from Burns, Dickenson, 60's Moyes and 60's Bennett  were embedding the stiffened Rogallo wing proved and ornamentally finished in the 1962 NASA Paresev 1B wing

    The class of Standard Rogallos was started by Barry Palmer in 1960 (flown in 1961-62) and had almost no following after 1975 as safer-by-far hang gliders came on the scene. James Hobson in 1961 started his project and completed in 1962; he showed his triangle control framed Rogallo type hang glider with A-frame on a Lawrence Welk TV show; he was featured with photo in E.A.A.'s magazine Sport Aviation in 1962; his test site was Dockweiler; he brought his archive materials into the Self-Soar Association and Low & Slow magazine office in circa1971; Joe Faust made list of the borrowed materials (list is available now online for world view; his doings impacted readers and viewers.   The class was also populated by the Miller-Palmers and the ski-kite of Dickenson and much more improved by the Burns-Dickenson; the 1969 Prentice; then the Moyes and Bennett standards, Kilbo-Kite, Eipper I, Seagull I, and homebuilts all around the world who bought plans or were sent plans free where they innovated on their own standards or broke loose to new ground. By 1972 the commercial "carbon copies" (Ken de Russy) populated many flying sites. Then commercial competition brought replacements to the standard class members.
    The Paresev mimics stopped and were finally considered so much less safe that flying wings developed from 1975 onwards emphatically.

    The future of the Paresev Rogallo wing mimics with tweaks will still remain non-empty as people explore the most simple; but the matter becomes more hazardous as hang gliders not fit for what advanced hang gliders might do might be used inappropriately.  Prudent guide: use within the safe limits what is at hand.

    Click for larger.

  • SCHGA historian Neil Larson reports: "I discovered a transcript of a 1963 Steve Allen show -in the opening "intro" there is a fast segment of 12 photos of Steve Allen actually in a hang glider! flying it (tethered tow) in a street behind the studio! By the way it is a recorded TV show of Frank Zappa (1963) clean cut in a suit (no mustache) playing a bicycle like a vibraphone. But you will need to only watch the first 60 seconds to see the hang glider!" Here a URL for the show with the clip of concern at its beginning: gFZSAS1 
    Video: "1963 Frank Zappa on Steve Allen Show"




  • January 26, 1964, on Australia Day---a kite goes up in smoke; it had flown as a hang glider:  the Mark I was burnt in the day's celebrations.      The ski-kite had not yet been flown in free-flight, only kiting mode. Notice that we are THREE FULL YEARS after Palmer foot-launched a Rogallo standard hang glider and foot-landed; Palmer already had used TWO main airframe control parts: triangle and parallel bars; and a hanging seat. Already SkiPlane had triangle control frame, weight-shifting, towing, and some gliding sectors.  Australians continue to benefit from prior art. Aerostructures deepens its bite into NASA.   Mark III of JD was made by now in 1964.
  • Grafton area:  Ski-wing morphs to Mark III. How did  input by Mike Burns and Rod Fuller affect the evolution the Mark 1 to Mark III? Were images, communication inputs, perhaps FURTHER articles from Ryan and NASA; a lot of time frm the Spring of 1963 to the Australia Day burning.....to peruse the benefits of Paresev and Ryan, especially with all the attention being given to the ski-kite that was gradually finding its way into the ornamental Paresev look after the kiting experimentations for the prior six months.    How much NASA is now flowing into Grafton arena? That is a $64,000 question.
  • Pierre Aubert. Switzerland, 1964.   ...a must visit!
  • Prentice 
  • March: Domina Jalbert privately tests Jalbert parafoil.   Earth shakes.  D. C. Jalbert
  • Domina Jalbert   USA Patent 3285546, Filed October 1, 1964. (Issued: Nov. 1966) What workDomina Jalbert begins to shake the entire earth... went on to arrive at this point? Rogallo's first patent had ram-air forms, but not ram-air wing. Jalbert goes to form double surfaced wings entirely by ram-air while still having the wing made of loose flexible textile or thin sheet material. Particular airfoils can be precisely specified; the wing can be bagged without struts; yet in the air the wing becomes semi-firm. This is a departure that changes the world. With later advances, even the forward keels are removed by others. Innovation on this branch of wings is not over yet.  Assignee for the patent: Space Recovery Research Center


    H. A. JAMES

    Patent number
    : 3273828
    Filing date: Aug 7, 1964
    Issue date: Sep 1966
    Inventor: H. A. JAMES
    Assignee: The Ryan Aeronautical Co


  • Send facts: Barish@hanggliderhistory.com    David Barish modern hang glider of the paraglider (true hang gliders in the gliding-parachute family of hang gliders ---follow also gliding conicals, gliding parafoils or gliding Jalbert wings, and Rogallo-gliding parachutes...all are also considered as free-flight kite system type of hang gliders.  DB1  gDB2  DB3  DB3
  •   Photo copyrighted, see owner. http://www.flickr.com/photos/lee_guilfoyle/200939334/
    http://www.flickr.com/people/lee_guilfoyle/        Lee Guilfoyle, Marine Engineer

    First Jump With the Sailwing Which Was the First Jump Of A Gliding Parachute - August 1965

    Photo by David Barish. During the month of August 1965, there were a number of gliding parachute designs being constructed and tested, but none were being jumped from an aircraft. That changed, however, on August 6 of that year when the Barish Sailwing opened over the Lakewood Sport Parachuting Center in New Jersey. The Norseman aircraft climbed to 3700 feet and the jumper, Lee Guilfoyle, USPA D-50, exited the plane over the 60-acre sand drop zone. Because all of the dummy drops that had been made using a static line with a pilot chute assist system, it was decided that the first live jump would be made with that system. The Sailwing opened almost instantly. The inventor, David Barish of Barish Associates, and the jumper, Lee Guilfoyle of Parachutes, Incorporated, made parachuting history that day. Parachuting had been changed forever! This was the first jump made on a gliding parachute. See " http://www.parafame.org " and go to Significant Moments In Parachuting, then scroll down to 1965.




undefinedPatent number: 3415469
Filing date: Sep 22, 1966
Issue date: Dec 1968
Inventor: G. G. SPRATT



Text not available
Carl Edward Johnson

Filed: December 27, 1966.
U. S. Patent 3412964

[This is a typo error online about the file date; the patent has the file date correct. ]  ""and also permits the kite to glide down when the wind decreases. ...""

  • Bill Moyes  becomes the second or further human to foot-launch a Paresev-like-Rogallo-winged hang glider or kite (See Barry Palmer, at least, in 1960, 1961, 1962)   Related: +ABCnews+     +Spirit of Dreams
  • Completed in March 1967...Barry Palmer's Rogallo-winged Paraplane, a powered hang glider tricycle giving echoes of the Ryan vehicles in the small. N7144   UNKNOWN DATE FOR THE following N4411 Skyhook powered hang glider. EnterData+
  • Still Ski-wing and Delta Wing kites are towed at water-ski competitions. Go into the 70s in Cypress Gardens, Florida.
  • Without visible means of support by Richard Miller  Type: Book
    Language: English  Publisher: [Los Angeles, Printed by Parker, 1967]   
  • Popular Science , Aug. 1967, "Aqua Glider" artwork ...biplane shown. Article inside????  ____==>EnterData+  
    This follows the SkiPlane water-based kite-hang glider period of 1962-?.   But the art shows a biplane primary glider-kite. This kind of showing adds to the personal flight fever that also fed the 1970s' boon in hang gliding.  Copies of the issue are for sale on eBay. Rogallo wing kite-gliders were alrady on waterways from at least 1962 if not sooner. EnterData+





  • Prentice  1968-1972.  Lilienthal type project
  • Bill Moyes  and wife Molly are towed in a tandem flight with surfboard and floats and the technology exhibited by the 1929 George A. Spratt triangle control frame or A-frame:

    "I received your note with the shot of Molly and me on the ski plane; this shot was taken in 1968 when Molly and I were 36 years old.
              The sail was made before we used battens.  The old single surface gliders of the day suffered from radical centre of pressure movement at high angles of attack.  This made them easy to land as the pressure centre moved forward, but it made them hard to hold a climb.  You can see a rope connected to the front wires; this rope was tightened as you pulled in on the bar and bent the keel down (before kingpost days); this generated lift at the trailing edge and made the climb more manageable.
    You can also see the tow rope faintly connected to a boat release welded to the forward tube; this was my first experiment with towing from centre of mass."
  • Note: Bill Moyes in February of 2008 at age 75 is building an updated ski-plane and might invite Molly to fly tandem again.

  • Text not availableText not available
    William L. Cureton

    Single-cell Rogallo-winged kite or structure or hang glider could be founded on the tetrahedron that is centroidally supported for shaping. Did Bell have this or was he ever edge boned? Applications direct for hang gliders are still unfolding. The patent covers robust multi-celled structures. Think tiny and large; think tail and pod; think camping; think PG and HG; think controls; think combinations with tensegrity and nanostructures.
  • Prentice  Built on bases of Ryan Flex-Wing (Rogallo) was built.
  • Bill Moyes
  • Text not availableThis is not a mechanical process or utility patent, but an ornamental appearance design patent and shown is part 2 of the art.

    Filing date: Jul 22, 1969