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Was Ibn Firnas the first human flyer? By John Lear. New Scientist (No. 231), 20
To have landed without fatal injury and
to have had some gliding during the descent while intent was to glide, then his
flight seems to be within hang gliding history. Monuments are built in his
name. Airport is named after him. The lore grows. He pioneered at the front of
the hang gliding arts.
Died: Various sources: 873 or 888 or ???
Abbas Ibn Firnas
|Hezarfen Ahmed Celebi
Simine Short, Turkey, October, page 3, 2003, Soaring magazine. [ We are searching to see if Richard Miller was editor or not at that issue's time.] A similar treatment is shown here:
"Hezarfen Ahmet Celebi the most famous Turkish flyer, inspired by the studies by Leonardo Da Vinci and with some corrections and balancing adjustments, derived from studying the eagle in flight, finally, after nine experimental attempts, gave shape to his wing apparatus. His flight took place in 1638 from the 183 foot tall Galata Tower near the Bosphorus in Istanbul, during the reign of the Turkish Sultan Murad IV. The flight was successful. Hezarfen Celebi landed on the other side of the Bosphorus. With this success Hazarfen proved to be 200 years ahead of his time since it was two centuries later that comparable developments took place elsewhere. The event is recorded by writer and historian Evliya Celebi (traveler), an eye witness to the feat, in his book Seyahatname (a book of travel). The word Hezarfen means expert in 1000 sciences, in-fact, a reward of 1000 gold pieces was given to Hazarfen for his achievement." From Dr Metin Gungormus. Some people are analyzing the flight. One needs know the width of the river at the time of the flight.
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/a/aa/Swdbg2.jpg Sketch and
words of sitting pilot in man-powered aircraft (not built, but studied with
confidence that the problem would be solved. Emanuel Swedenborg.
Elliptical wing plan; ribs, tip paddles. Stronger leading edge. Cambered
airfoil. Seat. Wing spars.
Charles Paul Landon painting
Online presence: +
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Cayley plan, suspended pilot. http://www.microlights.ws/aviation-history.htm